I'm generally interested in critical interdisciplinary work on questions of power, political economy, and the law around digital technologies, online platforms, and automation. My research looks at the law's relationship with and responses to digital technologies and technological development; the socio-political power of tech companies, their business models, ideological underpinnings, and the structural conditions they produce; and socio-technical and organisational mechanisms for improving legal compliance and accountability of complex systems. Current projects focus on automated decision-making and the development of legally compliant and reviewable automated systems; regulation and restructuring of online platforms and cloud-based infrastructure services; and the prospects of various technical means for facilitating compliance with legal and regulatory requirements in complex environments (such as the internet of things).


Chris Norval, Jennifer Cobbe, and Jatinder Singh ‘Towards an accountable Internet of Things: A call for ‘reviewability'’ [forthcoming]

Chris Norval, Heleen Janssen, Jennifer Cobbe, and Jatinder Singh ‘Data Protection and Tech Startups: The Need for Attention, Support, and Scrutiny’, Policy & Internet [forthcoming]


Chris Sandbrook, Doug Clark, Tuuli Toivonen, Trishant Simlai, Stephanie O’Donnell, Jennifer Cobbe, and William Adams (2021) ‘Principles for the Socially Responsible Use of Conservation Monitoring Technology and Data’, Conservation Science and Practice

Jennifer Cobbe, Jatinder Singh, and Michelle Seng Ah Lee (2021) ‘Reviewable Automated Decision-Making: A Framework for Accountable Algorithmic Systems’, 2021 ACM Conference on Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency (ACM FAccT 2021)

Ari Ball-Burack, Michelle Seng Ah Lee, Jennifer Cobbe, and Jatinder Singh (2021) ‘Differential Tweetment: Mitigating Racial Dialect Bias in Harmful Tweet Detection’, 2021 ACM Conference on Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency (ACM FAccT 2021)                          

Jatinder Singh, Jennifer Cobbe, Do Le Quoc, and Zahra Tarkhani (2021) ‘Enclaves in the Clouds: Legal Considerations and Broader Implications’, ACM Queue, 18(6)

Heleen Janssen, Jennifer Cobbe, Chris Norval, and Jatinder Singh (2020) ‘Decentralised Data Processing: Personal Data Stores and the GDPR’, International Data Privacy Law, 10(4)

Heleen Janssen, Jennifer Cobbe, and Jatinder Singh (2020) ‘Personal information management systems: a user-centric privacy utopia?’, Internet Policy Review, 9(4)

Jennifer Cobbe and Jatinder Singh (2020) ‘Reviewable Automated Decision-Making’, Computer Law & Security Review, 39

Jennifer Cobbe (2020) 'Legal Singularity and the Reflexivity of Law', in Simon Deakin and Christopher Markou (eds.), Is Law Computable? Critical Perspectives on Law & Artificial Intelligence, Hart

Jennifer Cobbe (2020) ‘Algorithmic Censorship by Social Platforms: Power and Resistance’, Philosophy & Technology

Jennifer Cobbe, Michelle Seng Ah Lee, Heleen Janssen, and Jatinder Singh (2020) ‘Centring the Rule of Law in the Digital State’, IEEE Computer, 53

Jennifer Cobbe, Chris Norval, and Jatinder Singh (2020) ‘What Lies Beneath: Transparency in Online Services Supply Chains’, Journal of Cyber Policy, 5(1)

Seyyed Ahmad Javadi, Richard Cloete, Jennifer Cobbe, Michelle Seng Ah Lee and Jatinder Singh (2020) ‘Monitoring Misuse for Accountable ‘Artificial Intelligence as a Service’, Proceedings of the 2020 AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society (AIES '20), ACM, New York, NY, USA, 2020

Ben Wagner, Krisztina Rozgonyi, Marie-Therese Sekwenz, Jatinder Singh, and Jennifer Cobbe (2020) 'Consequences for Manufacturing Transparency? Facebook, Twitter and the German Network Enforcement Act', FAT* '20: Proceedings of the 2020 Conference on Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency

Jennifer Cobbe and Jatinder Singh (2019) ‘Regulating Recommending: Motivations, Considerations, and Principles’, European Journal of Law and Technology, 10(3)

Jennifer Cobbe and John Morison (2019) ‘Understanding the Smart City: Framing the challenges for law and good governance’, in Emmanuel Slautsky (ed.) The Conclusions of the Chaire Mutations de l'Action Publique et du Droit Public, Sciences Po

Jatinder Singh and Jennifer Cobbe (2019) ‘The Security Implications of Data Subject Rights’, IEEE Security & Privacy, 17(6)

Jennifer Cobbe (2019) ‘Administrative Law and the Machines of Government: Judicial Review of Automated Public-Sector Decision-Making’, Legal Studies, 39

Jatinder Singh, Jennifer Cobbe, and Chris Norval (2019) ‘Decision Provenance: Harnessing data flow for accountable systems’, IEEE Access, 7

Chris Norval, Jennifer Cobbe, Heleen Janssen, and Jatinder Singh (2018) ‘Reclaiming Data: Overcoming App Identification Barriers for Exercising Data Protection Rights’, Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Legal and Technical Issues in Cloud and Pervasive Computing (IoT) [CLaw-18], UbiComp/ISWC’18 Adjunct

Jatinder Singh, Christopher Millard, Chris Reed, Jennifer Cobbe, and Jon Crowcroft (2018) ‘Accountability in the IoT: Systems, Law, and Ways Forward’, IEEE Computer, 51(7)

Jennifer Cobbe (2018) ‘Casting the Dragnet: Communications Data Retention Under the Investigatory Powers Act’, Public Law


Jennifer Cobbe (2020) 'Confronting the Algorithmic State', Administrative Law Blog

Jennifer Cobbe and Elettra Bietti (2020) 'Rethinking Digital Platforms for the Post-COVID-19 Era', Centre for International Governance Innovation

Jennifer Cobbe and Louise O'Hagan (2016) 'Digital Citizenship: Report', Royal Irish Academy